For the last few years, I have used an app on my Android smartphone to log my training runs. It tracks the distance I ran, the route I took, my running pace, and calories burned. If I want to, I can link it with Facebook or other social networks and share my workouts, or I can pay to have my stats broadcast live so during a race my family can follow my progress.
Using an app like this is motivating and helps me to organize my training better, but until recently I had never considered the privacy and security issues surrounding fitness tracking devices and apps.
“Privacy advocates warn that consumers aren't always aware of how sensitive the data the apps collect can be or what privacy protections exist,” reported The Washington Post.
My smartphone is protected by Avast Mobile Security, so I decided to take a closer look at my apps with the Privacy Advisor feature. Privacy Advisor scans the apps in my device and tells me what kinds of information they collect. Application Management tells me what permissions individual apps require. My fitness app requires me to give these permissions:
- Track GPS location
- Read contact data
- Access accounts
Not too bad; at least when I compare it to the fitness app that came with the phone.
My fitness app respects my privacy, but many health and fitness apps sell personal information like usernames, names and email addresses, and information like medical symptom searches, zip codes, geo-location, gender identifiers, and dietary and workout habits. A Federal Trade Commission (FTC) study revealed that ad companies and data miners are among the third parties that buy this data.
Already some employers are rewarding their workers with cheaper insurance plans for joining fitness programs. But there is worry that the data collected could be pieced together to create profiles that would backfire. It’s fine when you’re healthy for your fitness, health and medical data to determine things like insurance rates or drug pricing, but what if your health declines?
The FTC “is concerned consumers could be penalized based on health data; for instance, a financial institution might adjust credit ratings based on the fact someone has a disease.”
"Information about consumers most intimate health conditions is going to be sold to the highest bidder," Jeffrey Chester, the executive director of the Center for Digital Democracy, told the Washington Post. "Employers might get access to it, insurers might get access to it, or mortgage lenders -- which could lead to a vast array of negative discriminatory practices."
Know what your apps want
Check what the apps that you have allowed on your smartphone require with avast! Mobile Security. Install it free on Android devices from the Google Play store.
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